Munson Health
 
Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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by Kohnle D

(IBD; Regional Enteritis; Ileitis; Granulomatous Ileocolitis; Ulcerative Colitis)

 

Symptoms

Symptoms depend on the type of IBD, but common symptoms may include:
  • Abdominal pain and cramping
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss and loss of appetite
  • Bleeding from the intestines
  • Ulcers in the intestines
  • Inflammation of the rectum
  • Draining around the rectum
  • Bloating or feeling of fullness
  • Gas
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Abdominal sounds (such as gurgling)
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Joint pain
 

Treatment

Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include:

Lifestyle Changes

IBD symptoms may be reduced with simple dietary changes. In general, eat a diet that is:
Overall wellness may also play a role in reducing IBD flare-ups. Find ways to reduce stress. Get plenty of rest.

Medications

Most medicines for IBD focus on reducing the swelling and irritation. Medicines include:
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Corticosteroids
  • Immune system suppressors
  • Antibiotics to kill germs in the intestinal tract
  • Anti-diarrhea medicine
  • Laxatives
  • Pain relievers

Surgery

Surgery is not helpful for all types of IBD. For people with very severe ulcerative colitis, a surgery to remove the colon may be done.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Family Physicians
http://www.aafp.org

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse
http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Family Physician
http://www.cfpc.ca

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

 

References


Botoman VA, Bonner GF, et al. Management of inflammatory bowel disease. American Family Physician website. Available at: http://www.aafp.org/afp/980101ap/botoman.html . Published 1998. Accessed June 27, 2007.


Brandt LJ, Steiner-Grossman P, eds. Treating IBD: A Patient’s Guide to the Medical and Surgical Management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease . New York, NY: Raven Press; 1989.


Inflammatory bowel disease. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/digestive/disorders/252.html . Updated February 2011. Accessed December 28, 2012.


Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated November 25, 2012. Accessed December 28, 2012.


Steiner-Grossman P, Banks PA, et al, eds. The New People Not Patients: A Source Book for Living With IBD . Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company; 1992.

 

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