Munson Health
Atrioventricular Septal Defect

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by Vann M

(Atrioventricular Canal Defect; Endocardial Cushion Defect)


Risk Factors

Risk factors that increase the chance that a baby will be born with a ventricular septal defect include:


American Association of Family Physicians

American Heart Association



Canadian Adult Congenital Heart Network

Canadian Heart and Stroke Foundation



Atrioventricular septal defect, complete. Cove Point Foundation website. Available at: . Updated May 16, 2011. Accessed July 11, 2013.

Patent foramen ovale and other atrial septal defects. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: . Updated April 29, 2013. Accessed July 11, 2013.

Saenz R, Beebe D, Triplett L. Caring for infants with congenital heart disease and their families. Am Fam Physician . 1999;59. Available at: . Accessed July 11, 2013.

Ventricular septal defect. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: . Updated June 14, 2012. Accessed July 11, 2013.


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