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Arnold-Chiari Syndrome

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by McCoy K

(Arnold-Chiari Malformation; Type II Chiari Malformation; Cerebellomedullary Malformation Syndrome)

 

Symptoms

Symptoms in infants are due to pressure on therear lower part of the brain and the brainstem and may include:
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Paralysis of the limbs
  • Choking
  • Chronic cough or hoarseness
Symptoms in adolescents are usually milder and may include:
  • Lightheadedness
  • Fainting
  • Weakness in the legs
  • Headaches
  • Inability to hear or ringing in the ears
  • Eye problems such as difficulty seeing, eye pain, and rapid eye movement
  • Poor coordination
  • Uncontrolled shaking or trembling
  • Difficulty walking
  • Numbness or tingling in the arms or legs
 

RESOURCES

American Syringomyelia & Chiari Alliance Project
http://www.asap.org

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
http://www.ninds.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Neurological Sciences Federation
http://www.cnsfederation.org

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

 

References


Chiari malformation. Comer Children’s Hospital website. Available at: http://www.uchicagokidshospital.org/online-library/content=P02592. Accessed February 12, 2014.


Chiari malformations. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 12, 2012. Accessed February 12, 2014.


Chiari malformation information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/chiari/chiari.htm. Updated December 30, 2013. Accessed February 12, 2014.


Hekman KE, Aliaga L, et al. Positive and negative predictors for good outcome after decompressive surgery for Chiari malformation type 1 as scored on the Chicago Chiari Outcome Scale. Nuerol Res. 2012;34(7):694-700.

 

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