Munson Health
 
Paraplegia

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by Kohnle D

(Paralysis; Loss of Movement)

 

Causes

Injury to the nervous system is the most common cause of paraplegia. Common injuries and other causes include:
  • Broken neck
  • Broken back
  • Stroke
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Genetic disorder (hereditary spastic paraplegia)
  • Congenital (present at birth)
  • Infection
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Tumor (either within the spinal cord or pushing on the spinal cord)
  • Syrinx (a spinal cord disorder)
 

RESOURCES

Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation
http://www.christopherreeve.org

Spastic Paraplegia Foundation
http://www.sp-foundation.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Paraplegic Association (Alberta)
http://www.cpa-ab.org

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

 

References


Alisky JM, Nogo A. Protein neutralisation and motor cortex computer implants: a future hope for spinal cord injury [review]. Singapore Med J. 2007;48:596-597.


Faden AI, Stoica B. Neuroprotection: challenges and opportunities [review]. Arch Neurol. 2007;64:794-800.


Kruszewski SP, Shane JA. Pregabalin in central neuropathic pain associated with spinal cord injury: a placebo-controlled trial. Neurology. 2007;68:2158-2159.


Penas-Prado M, Loghin ME. Spinal cord compression in cancer patients: review of diagnosis and treatment. Curr Oncol Rep. 2008;10:78-85.


Sharma HS. Neurotrophic factors in combination: a possible new therapeutic strategy to influence pathophysiology of spinal cord injury and repair mechanisms [review]. Curr Pharm Des. 2007;13:1841-1874.


Shimizu H, Yozu R. Current strategies for spinal cord protection during thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011;59(3):155-163.


Spinal cord injury information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/sci/sci.htm. Updated September 18, 2012. Accessed November 28, 2012.


What is paraplegia? Spinal Injury Network website. Available at: http://www.spinal-injury.net/paraplegia.htm. Accessed November 28, 2012.

 

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