Munson Health
 
Group B Streptococcal Disease

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by Schulte S

(GBS)

 

Definition

Group B streptococcal (GBS) disease is a bacterial infection.
GBS can cause illness in newborn babies, pregnant women, the elderly, and adults with other chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes or liver disease. In newborns, it is the most common cause of a blood infection called sepsis and of meningitis, which is an infection of the fluid and lining surrounding the brain.
This following information covers GBS in pregnant women and their babies.
 

Risk Factors

Factors that increase the risk of a baby having GBS include the following:
 

RESOURCES

The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
http://www.acog.org/For%5FPatients

Group B Strep Association
http://www.groupbstrep.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
http://www.sogc.org

Women's Health Matters
http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca

 

References


De Tejada BM, Pfister RE, Renzi G, et al. Intrapartum Group B Streptococcus Detection by Rapid Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay for the Prevention of Neonatal Sepsis. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2010 Sep 22.


Group B strep (GBS). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/groupbstrep/index.html . Updated May 23, 2011. Accessed June 19, 2014.


Group B strep infection: GBS. American Pregnancy Association website. Available at: http://www.americanpregnancy.org/pregnancycomplications/groupbstrepinfection.html . Updated March 2011. Accessed August 14, 2013.

Group B streptococcal infection in infants less than 3 months old. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated May 19, 2014. Accessed June 19, 2014.


Ohlsson A, Shah VS. Intrapartum antibiotics for known maternal Group B streptococcal colonization. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Jul 8;(3):CD007467.


Provisional Recommendations for the Prevention of Perinatal Group B Streptococcal Disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/groupbstrep/guidelines/downloads/provisional-recommendations-508.pdf . Updated July 2010. Accessed August 14, 2013.


Puopolo KM, Madoff LC, Eichenwald EC. Early-onset group B streptococcal disease in the era of maternal screening. Pediatrics. 2005 May;115(5):1240-6.


Woodgate P, Flenady V, Steer P. Intramuscular penicillin for the prevention of early onset group B streptococcal infection in newborn infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(3):CD003667.

 

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