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Human Papillomavirus Testing

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by Scholten A

(HPV Testing; Testing, HPV; Testing, Human Papillomavirus)

 

Definition

This is a test to detect human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a virus spread by sexual contact. Certain types of HPV increase your risk of getting cervical cancer . HPV is also the cause of genital warts.
The HPV test is approved to detect some types of HPV on a woman's cervix. The cervix is located in back of the vagina. Currently, there is no test to screen men for this condition.
Cervix
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Reasons for the Test

The HPV test is done if you are 21 years or older and have abnormal Pap smear results. If you are 30 years or older, your doctor may also use the HPV test along with the Pap smear to screen for cervical cancer.
 

RESOURCES

The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
http://www.acog.org/For%5FPatients

Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov/STD

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Sex Information and Education Council of Canada
http://www.sieccan.org

The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
http://www.sexualityandu.ca

 

References


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR . 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.


Genital HPV infections—CDC fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/HPV/STDFact-HPV.htm . Updated March 18, 2012. Accessed May 30, 2013.


HPV and men—fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/STD/hpv/STDFact-HPV-and-men.htm#testforwomen . Updated February 23, 2012. Accessed May 30, 2013.


Human papillomavirus testing. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/human-papillomavirus-hpv/diagnosis-tests.html . Updated December 2010. Accessed May 30, 2013.

 

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