The cause of multiple myeloma is not known. There are no well-established guidelines for reducing your risk of the disease.
Exposure to toxic chemicals and radiation is believed to increase the risk of multiple myeloma and other cancers. It is a good idea to avoid these substances.
American Cancer Society website. Available at:
Cancer Medicine e5
5th ed. Hamilton, Ontario: BC Decker Inc; 2000.
National Cancer Institute website. Available at:
Rakel R. Bope E, ed.
Conn's Current Therapy 2002
54th ed. St. Louis, MO: WB Saunders Company; 2002: 439-443.