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Pheochromocytoma

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by Scholten A

(Pheo; Adrenal Gland Tumor; Pheochromocytosis)

 

Definition

Pheochromocytoma is a tumor. It is made up of special adrenal gland cells. The cells secrete hormones such as epinephrine and norepinephrine. These hormones help to regulate the heart rate and blood pressure. The cells may secrete excessive amounts of the hormones. This results in periods of:
Most of these tumors are benign and grow on the adrenal glands, which are located on top of the kidneys. Other tumors occur elsewhere in the body.
Adrenal Glands
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Treatment

Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy

If the tumor is benign, it is removed. This procedure uses small incisions and special instruments. Sometimes, the adrenal glands are removed as a part of this process.

Medications

Prior to surgery, high blood pressure will need to be brought under control using blood pressure lowering medications.

Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy

Chemotherapy may be used if the tumor is cancerous and has spread outside of the adrenal glands.
Radiation therapy may also be used to help destroy the tumors if they have spread.
Chemotherapy may be used if the tumor is cancerous and has spread outside of the adrenal glands.
Radiation therapy may also be used to help destroy the tumors if they have spread.
 

RESOURCES

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org

National Cancer Institute
http://www.cancer.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.ca

Public Health Agency of Canada
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca

 

References


Altiner S, Dodell G, et al. Pheochromocytoma-Induced Aggression? Endocr Pract. 2011;29:1-10.


Lenders JW, Eisenhofer G, et al. Phaeochromocytoma. Lancet. 2005;366(9486):665-675.


Mittendorf EA, Evans DB, et al. Pheochromocytoma: advances in genetics, diagnosis, localization and treatment. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2007;21:509-525.


Phoechromocytoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated May 15, 2013. Accessed June 4, 2013.


Widimsky J Jr. Recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of pheochromacytoma. Kidney Blood Res. 2006;29:321-326.

 

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