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Aphasia-associated Anomia

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by Cresse M

(Anomia, Aphasia-associated; Nominal Aphasia; Anomic Aphasia; Difficulty Naming Objects and People)

 

Definition

Aphasia occurs when a person loses the ability to communicate in words. Anomia is a problem naming objects. When you have aphasia-associated anomia, it is difficult to name people and things. Aphasia-associated anomia can be treated.
Stroke—Most Common Cause of Aphasia
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Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. A neurological examination may also be done to check brain function.
Images may be taken of structures inside your head. This can be done with:
  • CT scan—a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of structures inside the head
  • MRI scan—a test that uses magnetic waves to make pictures of structures inside the head
Other exams may include:
  • Exam of muscles used in speech
  • Tests to assess language skills—for example, identifying objects, defining words, and writing
In some situations, your brain activity may be need to be measured. This can be done with an electroencephalogram (EEG).
You may be referred to a neurologist. This is a doctor who specializes in diseases of the nervous system.
 

Prevention

Since stroke is a common cause of aphasia, follow these guidelines to help prevent stroke:
 

RESOURCES

National Aphasia Association
http://www.aphasia.org

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
http://www.nidcd.nih.gov

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
http://www.ninds.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

The Aphasia Institute
http://www.aphasia.ca

Brain Injury Association of Alberta
http://www.biaa.ca

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
http://ww2.heartandstroke.ca

 

References


Aphasia. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/Aphasia.htm. Accessed May 17, 2013.


Aphasia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 2, 2012. Accessed May 17, 2013.


Aphasia. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communicative Disorders website. Available at: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/voice/pages/aphasia.aspx. Updated October 2008. Accessed May 17, 2013.


Kirshner HS. Aphasia and aphasic syndromes. In: Bradley WG, Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, Jankovic J, eds. Neurology in Clinical Practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Butterworth Heniemann Elsevier; 2008: 141-160.


More aphasia facts. The National Aphasia Association website. Available at: http://www.aphasia.org/Aphasia%20Facts/aphasia%5Ffacts.html. Accessed May 17, 2013.

 

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