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Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections

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by Kellicker PG

(CLABSI)

 

Definition

A central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) occurs when bacteria enters the bloodstream through a central line catheter . A central line catheter is a long, thin tube that is inserted through a vein until it reaches a larger vein close to the heart. It is used to deliver medication, nutrition, IV fluids, and chemotherapy .
Chemotherapy Through the Bloodstream
Chemotherapy
A central line catheter can be used to deliver chemotherapy .
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If bacteria start to grow on the central line catheter, they can easily enter the blood and cause a serious infection. This can lead to a condition called sepsis , which occurs when bacteria overwhelm the body.
 

RESOURCES

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov

Society of Critical Care Medicine
http://www.sccm.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

Safer Healthcare Now!
http://www.saferhealthcarenow.ca

 

References


Central venous catheter. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated July 25, 2013. Accessed August 8, 2013.


Central venous catheterization. American Thoracic Society website. Available at: http://www.thoracic.org/clinical/critical-care/patient-information/icu-devices-and-procedures/central-venous-catheterization.php . Accessed August 8, 2013.


FAQs: Catheter-associated bloodstream infections. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hai/pdfs/bsi/BSI%5Ftagged.pdf . Accessed August 8, 2013.


Marschall J, Mermel LA, Classen D, et al. Strategies to prevent central line-associated bloodstream infections in acute care hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2008;29 Suppl 1:S22-30.

 

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