Munson Health
Retinopathy of Prematurity

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by Howson A

(ROP; Retrolental Fibroplasia; RLF)


Risk Factors

Factors that increase the chance of an infant developing ROP include:
  • Premature birth , especially babies born less than 30 weeks gestation
  • Low birth weight, especially babies weighing less than three pounds
  • Low or fluctuating oxygen levels
  • Respiratory distress
  • Anemia


Healthy—American Academy of Pediatrics

National Eye Institute



Canadian Ophthalmology Society

Canadian Pediatric Society



American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Screening examination of premature infants for retinopathy of prematurity. Pediatrics. 2006;117(2):572.

Retinopathy of prematurity. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated June 10, 2013. Accessed June 24, 2013.

Retinopathy of prematurity. National Eye Institute website, Available at: Accessed June 24, 2013.


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