Munson Health
Kidney Stones -- Child

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by Montemayor MM

(Renal Colic—Child; Renal Lithiasis—Child; Nephrolithiasis—Child; Renal Calculi—Child)


Risk Factors

These factors increase your child’s chance of developing kidney stones:
  • Dehydration —not drinking enough fluids
  • Eating foods high in salt
  • Eating a ketogenic diet to help control epilepsy
  • Mineral content of water your child drinks (hardness or softness of the water)
  • Having family members who have had kidney stones or gout
  • Having kidney stones in the past
  • Being overweight
  • Medical conditions (eg, urinary tract infections , metabolic conditions)
  • Geographic location (residents of the Southeast United States have an increased risk)
  • Limited physical activity
  • Foreign material in the urinary tract (eg, catheter)


The doctor will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Images of the kidneys and urinary tract may be taken with:
A 24-hour urine test may also be done to look for levels of minerals in the urine including calcium , phosphorus , uric acid, oxalate, and citrate.


National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Urology Care Foundation



Health Canada

The Kidney Foundation of Canada



Bladder/kidney stones. Cincinnati Children’s Hospital website. Available at: . Updated January 2011. Accessed June 25, 2013.

Borghi L, Meschi T, Maggiore U, Prati B. Dietary therapy in idiopathic nephrolithiasis. Nutr Rev . 2006;64:301-312.

Nephrolithiasis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: . Updated May 17, 2013. Accessed June 25, 2013.

National Kidney Foundation. Kidney stones. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: . Accessed June 25, 2013.


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