Munson Health
 
Nausea and Vomiting-Adult

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by Mahnke D
 

Causes

Serious conditions that can cause nausea and vomiting include:
Other causes include:
 

Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask you questions, like:
A physical exam will be done.
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
  • Blood tests
  • Pregnancy test in women
Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:
Ultrasound of the Abdomen
Nucleus factsheet image
The doctor uses a hand-held instrument called a transducer, which uses sound waves to make images of your abdomen.
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
 

Treatment

In some cases, you may be able to manage nausea and vomiting at home.

Strategies to Control Vomiting

  • Rest.
  • Slowly build your way up to drinking larger amounts of clear liquids such as water, juice, or broth.
  • Do not eat solid foods until vomiting has passed.
  • Do not stop taking your medications unless advised by your doctor.
  • Also, ask your doctor if there are over-the-counter medications that may help relieve your symptoms.
Vomiting may cause you to become dehydrated. You may need to drink an oral rehydrating solution (ORS) if vomiting makes it difficult for you to stay properly hydrated.
There may be times when symptoms will need to be treated by your doctor. This may be the case if nausea and vomiting are caused by surgery, cancer therapy, pregnancy, or motion sickness. Your doctor may be able to prescribe medications to relieve the symptoms.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Family Physicians
http://familydoctor.org

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse
http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
http://www.cag-acg.org

Canadian Digestive Health Foundation
http://www.cdhf.ca

 

References


Kuver R, Sheffield JV, McDonald GB. Nausea and vomiting in adolescents and adults. University of Washington, Division of Gastroenterology website. Available at: http://www.uwgi.org/guidelines/ch%5F01/ch01txt.htm. Accessed December 16, 2013.


Nausea and vomiting. FamilyDoctor.org website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/tools/symptom/529.html. Accessed December 16, 2013.


Nausea and vomiting in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/. Updated October 10, 2013. Accessed December 16, 2013.

 

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