Munson Health
 
High Blood Pressure in Children

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by Stahl RJ

(Hypertension in Children)

 

Risk Factors

Risk factors can vary depending on the type of high blood pressure, for example:
 

Treatment

The doctor will work with you and your child to create a treatment plan. If your child has an underlying condition, this will be treated. Treating the underlying condition can help the high blood pressure return to normal.
Other treatment options focus on making lifestyle changes, such as:
  • Eating a healthy diet . Keep the diet high in fruits and vegetables , and whole grains. You may also need to limit how much salt is in your child’s diet.
  • If your child is overweight, follow a safe weight loss program. Use a program recommended by the doctor or dietitian.
  • Encourage your child to participate in regular physical activity.
If your child’s blood pressure is not improving after trying these lifestyle changes, the doctor may consider prescribing medicine, such as:
  • Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors)
  • Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)
  • Beta blockers
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Diuretics
It is important to properly treat high blood pressure to prevent complications in adulthood, such as:
 

RESOURCES

American Heart Association
http://www.americanheart.org/

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Cardiovascular Society
http://www.ccs.ca/home/index%5Fe.aspx/

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
http://www.heartandstroke.com/

 

References


Blood pressure levels for boys by age and height percentiles. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/hypertension/child%5Ftbl.pdf . Accessed June 19, 2012.


High blood pressure in children. American Academy of Pediatrics, Healthy Children.org website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/heart/pages/High-Blood-Pressure-in-Children.aspx . Updated January 9, 2012. Accessed June 19, 2012.


High blood pressure in children. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/UnderstandYourRiskforHighBloodPressure/High-Blood-Pressure-in-Children%5FUCM%5F301868%5FArticle.jsp . Updated April 4, 2012. Accessed June 19, 2012.


Hypertension. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated July 3, 2012. Accessed July 12, 2012.


Hypertension in children and adolescents: work in progress. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated June 13, 2012. Accessed June 19, 2012.


Kellicker P, Schub T. Evidence-based care sheet: hypertension in children and adolescents. EBSCO Nursing Reference Center website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/pointOfCare/nrc-about . September 16, 2011. Accessed June 19, 2012.


NHLBI integrated guidelines for pediatric cardiovascular risk reduction. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated February 28, 2012. Accessed June 19, 2012.

 

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