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DTaP Vaccine

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by Stahl RJ

(Vaccine for Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis)

 

What Are Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis?

Diphtheria is an infection caused by bacteria that releases toxins in the body. It can be life-threatening. The infection and toxins causes a thick coating in your nose and throat. This coating can make it hard to breath. Diphtheria can be easily spread between people.
Tetanus (also known as lockjaw) is caused by bacteria that enter through broken skin. The bacteria release a toxin in the body. It affects the nerves leading to severe muscle spasms. If it affects the muscles you need to breathe, it can be fatal.
Pertussis is also known as whooping cough. It is caused by bacteria that easily spread from person to person. It cause swelling in the airways. This causes a distinct, severe cough and breathing problems.
 

What Are the Risks Associated With DTap?

Common side effects of the vaccine include:
  • Soreness or redness at the site of the injection
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Lack of appetite
  • Vomiting
Less common, but more serious side effects include:
Acetaminophen (eg, Tylenol) is sometimes given for any pain and fever after a vaccination. In infants, the medicine may weaken the vaccine's effectiveness. Talk with the doctor about whether you should give acetaminophen to your child.
 

References


Adolescent and adult pertussis. National Network for Immunization Information website. Available at: http://www.immunizationinfo.org/issues/general/adolescent-and-adult-pertussis. Accessed May 18, 2012.


Diptheria: fact sheet for parents. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/diphtheria/fs-parents.html. Updated June 21, 2011. Accessed May 18, 2012.


Recommended adult immunization schedule—United States, 2012. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/schedules/downloads/adult/mmwr-adult-schedule.pdf. Published February 3, 2012. Accessed May 18, 2012.


Recommended immunization schedule for persons aged 7 through 18 years—United States, 2012. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/schedules/downloads/child/7-18yrs-schedule-pr.pdf. Accessed May 18, 2012.


Safety and prevention. HeatlhyChildren.org website. Available at http://www.healthychildren.org/english/safety-prevention/immunizations/pages/Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis-Vaccines-What-You-Need-to-Know.aspx?nfstatus=200&nftoken=5adb56f6-3b58-4359-8d20-194334bd5818&nfstatusdescription=SUCCESS%3a+Local+token+is+valid. Accessed July 6, 2012.


Vaccine information statements: diphtheria, tetanus, & pertussis vaccines. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-dtap.pdf. Published Ma 17, 2007. Accessed May 18, 2012.


Vaccine information statements: Td or Tdap vaccine. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-td-tdap.pdf. Published January 24, 2012. Accessed May 18, 2012.

 

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