Munson Health
Moderate Sedation

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by Stahl RJ

(Conscious Sedation; Monitored Anesthesia Care; MAC; Sedation, Conscious; Sedation, Moderate)



American Association of Nurse Anesthetists

American Society of Anesthesiologists



Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society

Health Canada



American Society of Anesthesiologists. Distinguishing monitored anesthesia care (MAC) from moderate sedation/analgesia (conscious sedation). 2009;Oct 21.

Bayman E, Dexter F, et al. National incidence of use of monitored anesthesia care. Anesth Analg. 2011;113(1):165-169.

Furstein J, Patel M, et al. Use of dexmedetomidine for monitored anesthesia care for diskography in adolescents. AANA Journal. 2011;79(5):421-425.

Ghisi D, Fanelli A, et al. Monitored anesthesia care. Minerva Anestesiol. 2005;71(9):533-538.

Moderate (conscious) sedation FAQ. American College of Emergency Physicians website. Available at: Updated June 2014. Accessed August 20, 2014.

Monitored anesthesia care. Northeastern Anesthesia Services website. Available at: Accessed August 20, 2014.

Thompson K. Chapter 47: Monitored anesthesia care. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill website. Available at: Accessed August 20, 2014.


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