Munson Health
 
Periodontitis

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Causes

Bacteria grow on your teeth and create a filmy coating called plaque. A build up of this plaque causes an inflammation of the gum tissue, known as gingivitis. If gingivitis is left untreated, the plaque can extend under the gum line can create pockets around the teeth. Bacteria can collect in these pockets and cause regular inflammation and destruction known as periodontitis. Over time, this chronic inflammation and bacteria cause destruction of gum tissue, ligaments, and bones that hold your teeth in place.
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Untreated gingivitis leading to periodontitis
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Periodontology
http://www.perio.org

American Dental Association
http://www.mouthhealthy.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Dental Association
http://www.cda-adc.ca

Public Health Agency of Canada
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca

 

References


Periodontal (gum) disease: Cause, symptoms, and treatment. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/GumDiseases/PeriodontalGumDisease.htm. Updated August 2012. Accessed November 6, 2013.


Periodontal treatments and procedures. American Academy of Periodontology website. Available at: http://www.perio.org/consumer/treatments%5Fprocedures. Accessed November 6, 2013.


Periodontitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated August 22, 2013. Accessed November 6, 2013.


What is gum disease? Academy of General Dentistry Know Your Teeth website. Available at: http://www.knowyourteeth.com/infobites/abc/article/?abc=G&iid=324&aid=1251. Updated January 2012. Accessed November 6, 2013.


What is periodontal disease? American Academy of Periodontology website. Available at: http://www.perio.org/patient-resources. Accessed November 6, 2013.


5/28/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Nibali L, Tatarakis N, et al. Clinical review: Association between metabolic syndrome and periodontitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013;98(3):913-920.


7/13/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Yaacob M, Worthington HV, et al. Powered versus manual toothbrushing for oral health. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Jun 17;6.

 

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