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Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. It affects the small airways and air sacs of the lungs.
Pneumonia can be described by where and how your child was infected. Types include:
  • Community-acquired—from the community, such as home, school or daycare
  • Nosocomial—in a hospital or healthcare setting
  • Aspiration—happens when foreign matter is inhaled into the lungs, such as food, liquid, saliva, or vomit
Pneumonia in the Air Sacs of the Lungs
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Risk Factors

Pneumonia is more in children under the age of 5 years.
Factors that may increase your child’s risk of pneumonia include:

RESOURCES - American Academy of Family Physicians

Healthy Children - American Academy of Pediatrics



Canadian Paediatric Society

The College of Family Physicians of Canada



Dehydration. Nemours Kids Health website. Available at: Updated July 2013. Accessed February 19, 2014.

Pneumonia. Nemours Kids Health website. Available at: Updated May 2011. Accessed February 19, 2014.

Pneumonia in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated February 7, 2014. Accessed February 27, 2014.


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