Munson Health
 
Hyperparathyroidism

Back to Document

by McCoy K

(Overactive Parathyroid)

 

Risk Factors

Hyperparathyroidism is more common in women, especially after menopause . It is also more common in people older than 50 years of age. Other factors that may increase your chance of developing hyperparathyroidism include:
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia
  • Having specific genetic factors that increase your risk
  • Radiation therapy to the head or neck during childhood
 

Symptoms

The level of calcium in the blood will determine the symptoms. Symptoms commonly seen with primary hyperparathyroidism include:
  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Thirst
  • Frequent and sometimes painful urination due to kidney stones
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Joint pain
  • Memory loss
  • Heartburn
  • Back pain
 

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:
  • Ultrasound
  • Technetium 99m sestamibi scan—a nuclear medicine test that uses safe nuclear molecules to make pictures of the parathyroid glands to help locate a single parathyroid adenoma in primary hyperparathyroidism
Other tests may be done to look for other problems hyperparathyroid may cause:
 

RESOURCES

American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists
http://www.aace.com

Hormone Health Network
http://www.hormone.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

Canadian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism
http://www.endo-metab.ca

 

References


Hyperparathyroidism. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/hyperparathyroidism/treatment.html. Updated March 2014. Accessed June 4, 2014.


Hyperparathyroidism. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 28, 2014. Accessed June 4, 2014.


Silverberg SJ, Bilezikian JP. The diagnosis and management of asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab. 2006;2:494-503.


Taniegra E. Hyperparathyroidism. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jan 15;69(2):333.


11/26/2012 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Paik J, Curhan G, Taylor E. Calcium intake and risk of primary hyperparathyroidism in women: prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2012;345:e6390

 

Revision Information