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by McCoy K

(Underactive Parathyroid)



Hypoparathyroidism may be caused by:
In some cases, a cause cannot be found.


Hypoparathyroidism Association

National Organization for Rare Disorders



Canadian Society of Endocrinology & Metabolism

Health Canada



Definition of hypoparathyroidism and related disorders. The Hypoparathyroidism Association website. Available at: Accessed June 4, 2013.

Hypoparathyroidism. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated March 7, 2012. Accessed June 4, 2013.

Hypoparathyroidism. National Organization for Rare Disorders website. Available at: Updated July 7, 2011. Accessed June 4, 2013.

Marx SJ. Hyperparathyroid and hypoparathyroid disorders. N Engl J Med. 2000;343:1863.

Moffett JM, Suliburk J. Parathyroid autotransplantation. Endocr Pract. 2011 Mar-Apr;17 Suppl 1:83-89.

Testini M, Gurrado A, et al. Hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy. Minerva Chir. 2007 Oct;62(5):409-415.

Thakker RV. Genetic developments in hypoparathyroidism. Lancet. 2001;357:974.

Winer KK, Ko CW, et al. Long-term treatment of hypoparathyroidism: a randomized controlled study comparing parathyroid hormone (1-34) versus calcitriol and calcium. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003;88:4214-4220.


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