Munson Health
Phantom Limb Syndrome

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by Scheinberg D

(Phantom Pain; Phantom Limb; Neuropathic Pain)



Amputee Coalition of America

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke



The War Amps



Casale R, Alaa L, et al. Phantom limb related phenomena and their rehabilitation after lower limb amputation. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2009;45(4):559-566.

Chahine L, Kanazi G, et al. Phantom limb syndrome: A review. Middle East J Anesthesiol. 2007;19(2):345-355.

Flor H, Nikolajsen L, et al. Phantom limb pain: a case of maladaptive CNS plasticity? Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 2006;7:873-881.

Foell J, Bekrater-Bodmann R, et al. Phantom limb pain after lower limb trauma: origins and treatments. Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2011;10(4):224-235.

Peripheral neuropathy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated December 2, 2013. Accessed December 3, 2013.

Resources for pain management. Amputee Coalition website. Available at: Accessed December 3, 2013.

Rothgangel AS, Braun SM, et al. The clinical aspects of mirror therapy in rehabilitation: a systematic review of the literature. 2011;34(1):1-13.

Weeks SR, Anderson-Barnes VC, et al. Phantom limb pain: Theories and therapies. 2010;16(5):277-286.

Wolff A, Vanduynhoven E, et al. 21. Phantom pain. Pain Pract. 2011;11(4):403-413.


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