Munson Health
 
Sore Throat

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by Lewy J

(Pharyngitis; Tonsillopharyngitis; Throat Infection)

 

Causes

Many things can cause a sore throat, such as:
 

Treatment

Treatment depends on the cause of the sore throat. Options may include:

Medications

Home Care

  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Gargle with warm saline several times a day.
  • Drink warm liquids (tea or broth), or cool liquids.
  • Avoid irritants that might affect your throat, such as tobacco smoke and cold air.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Pediatrics
http://www.aap.org

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
http://www.niaid.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Society of Otolaryngology
http://www.entcanada.org

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

 

References


Brink AJ, Cotton MF, et al. Guideline for the management of upper respiratory tract infections. S Afr Med J . 2004;94:475-483.


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The difference between a sore throat, strep and tonsillitis. Healthy Children.org website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/ear-nose-throat/Pages/The-Difference-Between-a-Sore-Throat-Strep-and-Tonsillitis.aspx . Updated January 30, 2012. Accessed February 27, 2012.


DynaMed Editorial Team. Streptococcal pharyngitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated October 12, 2010. Accessed November 10, 2010.


Editorial staff and contributors. Strep throat. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary . Updated September 20, 2011. Accessed February 21, 2011.


Mayo Clinic. Sore throat. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sore-throat/DS00526 . Updated October 1, 2007. Accessed June 15, 2008.


Neff D. Discharge instructions for strep throat. EBSCO Patient Education Reference Center (PERC) website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/nursing/products/patient-education-reference-center . December 30, 2011. Accessed February 21, 2011.


Patient UK. Sore throat. Patient UK website. Available at: http://www.patient.co.uk/health/sore-throat . Accessed November 10, 2010.


Perkins A. An approach to diagnosing the acute sore throat. Am Fam Physician . 1997;55:131-138,141-142.


Sore throat. Family Doctor.org website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/sore-throat.html . Updated March 2009. Accessed November 10, 2010.


Throat problems. Family Doctor.org website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/health-tools/search-by-symptom/throat-problems.html . Accessed February 21, 2011.


Vincent MT, Celestin N, et al. Pharyngitis. Am Fam Physician . 2004;69:1465-1470.


11/10/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Hayward G, Thompson M, Heneghan C, Perera R, Del Mar C, Glasziou P. Corticosteroids for pain relief in sore throat: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ . 2009;339.