Munson Health
 
Schizophrenia

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by Riley J
 

Definition

Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, disabling brain disorder. It interferes with the way a person interprets reality. People with schizophrenia may:
  • Hear voices or see things that others do not
  • Become paranoid that people are plotting against them
  • Experience cognitive deficits
  • Withdraw socially
These and other symptoms make it difficult for people with schizophrenia to have positive relationships with others.
Regions of the Brain
Colored brain segments
Schizophrenia affects many different areas of the brain causing a wide range of behavioral, emotional, and intellectual symptoms.
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
 

Treatment

Schizophrenia is not curable, but it is highly treatable. Hospitalization may be required during acute episodes. Symptoms are usually controlled with antipsychotic medicine.
Talk to your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options may include one or more of the following:

Medications for Coexisting Conditions

Depression and anxiety can often occur with schizophrenia. They may be treated with:
  • Antidepressants
  • Anti-anxiety medicine
  • Mood stabilizers
  • Anticonvulsants

Supportive Therapy

Schizophrenia is a lifelong condition. It can be confusing and frightening for the person with the disease and for family members. Individual and family therapy can address:
  • Social skills
  • Vocational guidance
  • Community resources
  • Family issues
  • Living arrangements
  • Emotional support
If you are diagnosed with schizophrenia, follow your doctor's instructions .
 

RESOURCES

National Institute of Mental Health
http://www.nimh.nih.gov

World Fellowship for Schizophrenia and Allied Disorders
http://world-schizophrenia.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Psychiatric Association
http://www.cpa-apc.org

Mental Health Canada
http://www.mentalhealthcanada.com

 

References


Early onset schizophrenia. National Alliance on Mental Illness website. Available at: http://www.nami.org/Template.cfm?Section=By%5FIllness&template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=103175 . Updated July 2010. Accessed August 28, 2012.


Schizophrenia. American Psychiatric Association website. Available at: http://www.psychiatry.org/schizophrenia . Accessed April 3, 2013.


Schizophrenia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated March 13, 2013. Accessed April 3, 2013.


Schizophrenia. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/schizophrenia/index.shtml . Updated April 2, 2013. Accessed April 3, 2013.

 

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