Munson Health
 
Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

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by Alan R

(EDS)

 

Symptoms

The symptoms of EDS can vary. Some may have mild symptoms. Other may have severe and life-changing symptoms.
The most common symptoms of EDS include problems with the joints and skin. Joints are loose and unstable which can lead to:
  • Swelling
  • Sprains
  • Dislocations
  • Joint pain
  • Flat feet
Kyphosis
kyphosis Spine
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Skin is soft, fragile, and can stretch far too easily. This can lead to problems such as:
  • Easy bruising
  • Minor injuries turning into gaping wounds
  • Slow and poor wound healing
  • Difficulty suturing skin because skin tends to tear
  • Skin scarring from wounds or stretching
  • Fleshy outgrowths on top of scars
  • Calcified nodules under the skin
  • Increased risk of surgical complications
Other symptoms depend on the type of EDS you have. EDS can cause problems with:
  • Eyes, such as:
    • Nearsightedness
    • Epicanthic fold—fold of skin on either side of the nose may cover the inner corner of the eye, which is common in children with EDS
    • Fragile sclera—the white outer coat of the eyeball
    • Hole in the globe of the eye—rare
  • Lung—due to loss of normal elastic tissue
  • Bones and muscles—such as chronic pain
  • Blood vessels—weak tissue can lead to aortic aneurysms and rupture of blood vessels
  • Blood clotting—can lead to easy bruising and bleeding
  • Heart valves—such as mitral valve prolapse
  • Gums—bleeding and diseases
  • Gastrointestinal system, such as:
    Hiatal Hernia
    Hiatal Hernia
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  • Pregnancy, such as:
    • Premature birth
    • Early rupture of membranes
    • Bleeding during pregnancy and excessive bleeding during or after childbirth
    • Uterine rupture
    • Higher complications from procedures
  • Muscles—low muscle tone with delayed motor development
 

RESOURCES

Ehlers-Danlos National Foundation
http://www.ednf.org

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
http://www.niams.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

The Arthritis Society
http://www.arthritis.ca

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

 

References


Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated June 5, 2012. Accessed August 14, 2013.


Questions and Answers about Heritable Disorders of Connective Tissue. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Connective%5FTissue/default.asp. Accessed August 14, 2013.


What is Ehlers-Danlos syndrome? Ehlers-Danlos Foundation website. Available at: http://www.ednf.org/index.php?option=com%5Fcontent&task=view&id=2202&Itemid=88889278. Accessed August 14, 2013.

 

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