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CMV Infection

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by Sieve V




The virus does not cause any symptoms when it is inactive. The virus may be activated because of stressful situations, medication, illness, or reduced immunity. Symptoms of the activated virus include:
People with suppressed or impaired immune systems can also develop:
  • Diarrhea
  • Pneumonia
  • Colitis—inflammation of the large intestines with ulcers and bleeding
  • Retinitis—an eye infection that can cause blindness
  • Hepatitis—infection of the liver
  • Encephalitis—infection of the brain that can result in seizures or coma


While there is no definitive way to prevent CMV, there are a some measures that can decrease your chance of the infection:
  • Wash your hands frequently.
  • Properly dispose of diapers.
  • Do not share glasses or eating utensils.
  • Avoiding intimate contact with people known to have the CMV infection.
  • Practice safe sex.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

National Institutes of Health



Public Health Agency of Canada



CMV infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: . Updated October 1, 2012. Accessed May 15, 2013.

Cytomegalovirus. American Association of Family Physicians website. Available at: . Updated February 2010. Accessed May 15, 2013.

Cytomegalovirus and Congenital CMV infection. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. Available at: . Updated July 28, 2010. Accessed May 15, 2013.


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