Munson Health
 
Tympanoplasty

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by Kassir K

(Middle Ear Repair)

 

What to Expect

Prior to Procedure

Before surgery, your doctor will check to be sure that you do not have an ear infection.
Talk to your doctor about your medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure.

Anesthesia

The procedure often only requires local anesthesia. Your ear and the area around it will be numb.

Description of the Procedure

A small incision will be made behind the ear. Some tissue will be extracted from this area. This tissue will then be attached to the eardrum to cover the hole. Other materials may be added to hold the graft in place. If the bones of the middle ear need to be repaired, then this is done as well.
A small pack may be left in position in the ear canal. The incision behind the ear will be closed with stitches.

How Long Will It Take?

1-2 hours

Will It Hurt?

Anesthesia will prevent pain during surgery. Pain and discomfort after the procedure can be managed with medications.

Postprocedure Care

To insure proper healing, avoid the following:
  • Blowing your nose hard
  • Sneezing
  • Exposing your ear to water—Ask your doctor how to wash your hair and shower for the first few weeks after surgery.
  • Flying
  • Swimming or diving
  • Heavy weight lifting and straining
It will take several weeks after surgery to determine if the tympanoplasty was a success. Complete recovery takes about four weeks.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Otolaryngology —Head and Neck Surgery
http://www.entnet.org

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
http://www.nidcd.nih.gov

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Society of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
http://www.entcanada.org

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

 

References


Tympanoplasty. Northwest ENT Associates website. Available at: http://www.nwentassociates.org/Tympanoplasty.asp. Accessed July 23, 2013.


Tympanoplasty. UW Health website. Available at: http://www.uwhealth.org/healthfacts/ear/4919.html. Updated January 24, 2013. Accessed July 23, 2013.


Tympanoplasty/paper patch myringoplasty. Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh website. Available at: http://www.chp.edu/CHP/Tympanoplasty+. Accessed July 23, 2013.


Tympanoplasty: repair of ear drum perforations. Ear Institute of Chicago website. Available at: http://www.chicagoear.com/Ear%20Surgery/tympanoplasty.html. Accessed July 23, 2013.

 

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