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Typhoid Vaccine

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by Kohnle D
 

What Is Typhoid?

Typhoid, or typhoid fever, is a serious and potentially fatal illness caused by specific bacteria.
Typhoid can be prevented by a vaccine. Although the typhoid vaccine is effective, it cannot prevent 100% of typhoid infections.
Typhoid fever does occur within the US; however, it is more common in developing countries where water is likely to be contaminated by bacteria. It is important, particularly when traveling in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, to be aware of possible bacteria contamination of food and water.
The bacterium is contracted through drinking water that has been contaminated with sewage. It can also be ingested by eating food that has been washed in bacteria-laden water.
The most common symptoms of typhoid include:
  • High fever, usually up to 103˚F or 104˚F
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Stomach pains
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Rash
Typhoid is treated with antibiotics. Without treatment, fever and symptoms may continue for weeks or months, and death may occur as a result of complications from the bacterial infection.
 


WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?

Family Doctor - American Academy of Family Physicians
http://familydoctor.org

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov

 

References


Bhutta ZA, Khan MI, Soofi SB, Ochiai RL. New advances in typhoid Fever vaccination strategies. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2011;697:17-39.


Nelson CB, de Quadros C. Coalition against typhoid: a new, global initiative to advance typhoid vaccination. Vaccine. 2011;29(38):6443.


Typhoid vaccine. US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/typhoid.pdf. Published May 29, 2012. Accessed July 24, 2013.

 

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