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Chronic Renal Failure

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by Vann M

(Chronic Kidney Disease)

 

Definition

Chronic renal failure occurs when a kidney is damaged and cannot work effectively. Kidneys clean waste from the blood, which passes out of the body in urine.
Anatomy of the Kidney
Glomerulonephritis
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
 

Causes

Chronic renal failure is often caused by diseases such as:
 

Risk Factors

The following factors increase your chance of developing chronic renal failure. If you have any of these risk factors, tell your doctor:
 

Diagnosis

Your doctors will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your bodily fluids and tissues may be tested. This can be done with:
  • Blood tests
  • Biopsy
Patients who are already at high risk for kidney disease should be tested more frequently so any damage can be diagnosed early. Patients with kidney disease will be referred to a specialist called a nephrologist, who is dedicated to managing kidney diseases.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Family Physicians
http://www.familydoctor.org

National Kidney Foundation
http://www.kidney.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

The Kidney Foundation of Canada
http://www.kidney.ca

 

References


Chronic renal failure. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 22, 2013. Accessed July 12, 2013.


Pendse S, Singh AK. Complications of chronic kidney disease: anemia, mineral metabolism, and cardiovascular disease. Med Clin N Am. 2005; 89:549-561.


Snyder S and Pendergraph B. Detection and evaluation of chronic kidney disease. Am Fam Physician. 2005; 72:1739-1746. Available at: http://www.aafp.org/afp/20051101/1723.html. Accessed July 12, 2013.


Zandi-Nejod K, Brenner BM. Strategies to retard the progression of chronic renal disease. Med Clin N Am. 2005; 89:489-509.

 

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