Munson Health
 
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

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by Dameron A

(CPAP)

 

Reasons for the Use of CPAP

CPAP is used to keep the airway open and allows air to more easily move in and out of your lungs. It is used most often to manage obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea is a period of time during sleep when breathing is blocked. This can happen several times each night. CPAP is considered to be the most effective treatment for sleep apnea, which may help to:
  • Decrease daytime sleepiness
  • Decrease high blood pressure
  • Decrease heartburn symptoms
  • Improve quality of life
CPAP may also be used in preterm infants. Under-developed lungs can be a common problem in preterm infants. CPAP can help support the infant's lungs until they can develop fully. It may prevent or decrease the need for more invasive treatments or medications. This article is focused on CPAP for sleep apnea.
 

What to Expect

Description of Machine Use

Following your stay in a sleep lab, you will be prescribed a CPAP machine.
The CPAP machine includes a pump and a face mask. The pump sits off the bed and has a tube that goes to the face mask. The face mask will be tightly secured to your head so that air will not leak out. The pump will force air through your airway to help keep it open. You will need to wear the face mask to bed every night.

How Long Will It Take?

The machine will be used for as long as it is needed.

Will It Hurt?

Some have reported chest muscle discomfort. Talk with your doctor about the best way for you to relieve any discomfort.

Average Hospital Stay

CPAP machines will be used at home.

Post-procedure Care

Stopping use of the CPAP will most likely cause symptoms of sleep apnea to return. Follow the instructions for the care and cleaning of your machine and mask.
 

RESOURCES

American Academy of Otolaryngology
http://www.entnet.org

American Lung Association
http://www.lungusa.org

American Sleep Apnea Association
http://www.sleepapnea.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

The Canadian Sleep Society (CSS)
http://www.css.to

Canadian Society of Otolaryngology
http://www.csohns.com

The Lung Association
http://www.lung.ca

 

References


What is CPAP? National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cpap. Updated December 13, 2011. Accessed May 28, 2013.


Chowdhuri S. Continuous positive airway pressure for the treatment of sleep apnea. Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America. 2007; 40(4):807-827.


Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated December 27, 2012. Accessed January 3, 2013.

 

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