Munson Health
 
High Triglycerides

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by Alan R

( Triglycerides, High; Hypertriglyceridemia; Hyperlipidemia; Dyslipidemia)

 

Symptoms

High triglyceride levels usually do not cause symptoms. Very high levels of triglycerides can cause:
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting—associated with acute pancreatitis
Elevated triglyceride levels can increase your risk of atherosclerosis. This is a dangerous hardening of the arteries. It can end up blocking blood flow. In some cases, this may result in:
Blood Vessel with Atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
 

Treatment

Treatment is not only aimed at correcting your triglyceride levels, but also at lowering your overall risk for heart disease and stroke.

Diet Changes

Lifestyle Changes

  • Maintain a healthy weight .
  • If you smoke, talk to your doctor about ways to quit.
  • Exercise regularly. Talk to you doctor before starting an exercise program.
  • Make sure other medical conditions, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, are being treated and controlled.

Medications

There are a number of drugs available, such as statins, to treat this condition and help lower your risk for heart disease. Statins have been shown to reduce death, heart attacks, and stroke in patients with high triglycerides. Talk to your doctor about whether these medications are right for you.
These medications are best used as additions to diet and exercise and should not replace healthy lifestyle changes.
 

RESOURCES

American Heart Association
http://www.heart.org

Vascular Web
http://www.vascularweb.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Cardiovascular Society
http://www.ccs.ca

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
http://www.heartandstroke.com

 

References


Hypertriglyceridemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 20, 2013. Accessed August 27, 2013.


Side effects of anti-HIV medications. National Institutes of Health website. Available at: http://aidsinfo.nih.gov/contentfiles/SideEffectAnitHIVMeds%5Fcbrochure%5Fen.pdf. Published October 2005. Accessed August 27, 2013.


Triglycerides. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/NutritionCenter/Triglycerides%5FUCM%5F306029%5FArticle.jsp. Updated October 26, 2012. Accessed August 27, 2013.


7/22/2008 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Daniels SR, Greer FR; Committee on Nutrition. Lipid screening and cardiovascular health in childhood. Pediatrics. 2008;122:198-208.

 

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