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Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

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by Kirchheimer S
 

Causes

Subarachnoid hemorrhage may be caused by:
  • Head trauma
  • Rupture of cerebral aneurysms and other blood vessel deformities
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Drug use , especially with cocaine and amphetamines
  • Brain tumors
 

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chance of developing subarachnoid hemorrhage include:
 

Symptoms

Symptoms may include:
  • A very sudden, severe headache
  • Brief loss of consciousness
  • Seizures
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Weakness on one side of your body
  • Unexplained numbness or tingling
  • Slurred speech or other speech disturbance
  • Visions problems, such as double vision, blind spots, or temporary vision loss on one side
  • Stiff neck or shoulder pain
  • Confusion
If you have these symptoms, call for emergency medical services right away. Early care can decrease the amount of damage to brain.
 

RESOURCES

The Brain Aneurysm Foundation
http://www.bafound.org

National Stroke Association
http://www.stroke.org

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Brain Injury Association of Alberta
http://www.biaa.ca

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
http://www.heartandstroke.com

 

References


Awad I. The riddle of association, causation, and prevention of subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurol, Neurosurg, Psych . 2012;83(11):1035.


Broderick J, Connolly S, Feldmann E, et al. Guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in adults: 2007 update: a guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council, High Blood Pressure Research Council, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes in Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. Stroke . 2007b;38(6):2001-23.


Feigin V, Parag V, Lawes CM, et al. Smoking and elevated blood pressure are the most important risk factors for subarachnoid hemorrhage in the Asia-pacific region: an overview of 26 cohorts involving 306,620 participants. Stroke . 2005;36:1360.


Feigin VL, Rinkel GJ, Lawes CM, et al. Risk factors for subarachnoid hemorrhage: an updated systematic review of epidemiological studies. Stroke . 2005 Dec;36(12):2773-80.


Ingall T, Asplund K, Mahonen M, Bonita R. A multinational comparison of subarachnoid hemorrhage epidemiology in the WHO MONICA stroke study. Stroke . 2000; 31:1054.


Jabbour PM, Tjoumakaris SI, Rosenwasser RH. Endovascular management of intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Clin N Amer . 2009;20:383-398.


Mayberg MR, Batjer HH, Dacey R, et al. Guidelines for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. A statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Heart Association. Stroke . 2009;40:994.


Stroke rehabilitation. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 26, 2013. Accessed June 27, 2013.


Suarez JI, Tarr RW, et al. Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. N Engl J Med . 2006;354(4):387-396.


Subarachnoid hemorrhage. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated January 22, 2013. Accessed February 25, 2013.


van Gijn J, Kerr RS, et al. Subarachnoid haemorrhage. Lancet . 2007;269(9558):306-318.

 

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