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Neuroblastoma -- Child

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by Neff DM

Risk Factors

Factors that increase the risk of neuroblastoma include:


Symptoms will depend on the location of the tumor and whether the cancer has spread. Some symptoms may include:
These symptoms may be caused by another condition. If your child has any of these, talk to the doctor right away.


The doctor will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Tests will depend on the suspected location of the tumor. Tests may include:
The cancer can spread to the liver, lungs, and bones. Early detection is key to a good prognosis.


Talk with the doctor about the best treatment plan for your child. Treatment options include:


If possible, surgery may be done to remove the tumor.

Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy

Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. The drugs enter the bloodstream and travel through the body, killing mostly cancer cells. With radiation therapy , radiation is directed at the tumor to kill the cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be used if the cancer has spread.

Bone Marrow Transplantation

During this type of transplant , bone marrow is removed, treated, and frozen. Large doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy are applied to kill the cancer cells. After treatment, the bone marrow is replaced via a vein. Transplanted bone marrow may be your child’s own bone marrow that was treated or it may be marrow from a healthy donor.
Some neuroblastomas go away on their own. It is not known why this happens.


National Cancer Institute

The Neuroblastoma Children’s Cancer Society



Canadian Cancer Society

Childhood Cancer Foundation



Nemours Foundation, Kids Health. Neuroblastoma. Kids Health website. Available at: Accessed June 18, 2013.

Neuroblastoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated May 1, 2013. Accessed June 18, 2013.

Neuroblastoma. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: Updated May 1, 2013. Accessed June 18, 2013.


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