Munson Health
 
High Cholesterol in Children

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by Stahl RJ

(Hypercholesterolemia in Children)

 

Risk Factors

Risk factors include:
 

Treatment

Lifestyle changes are a very important part of treatment.

Diet

Your doctor may recommend that you make changes to your child’s diet, such as:
The doctor may refer you and your child to a registered dietitian. They may also be referred to weight loss clinics or cardiologists if very high. In fact most pediatricians would not use statins without a cardiologist recommendation
The doctor may refer your child to a:
  • Registered dietitian
  • Weight loss center
  • Cardiologist (especially if statins may need to be prescribed)

Physical Activity

Other lifestyle changes include:
  • Encourage your child to participate in moderate or vigorous exercise every day. Examples include running, doing gymnastics, or playing soccer.
  • Limit the amount of time your child spends in front of a screen. This includes watching TV, playing video games, or using the computer. Aim for less than two hours in front of a screen per day.

Medicine

The doctor may recommend cholesterol-lowering medicine, like statins. Medicine is most often recommended if cholesterol is very high or your child has many risk factors for heart disease.
 

RESOURCES

American Heart Association
http://www.americanheart.org/

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Cardiovascular Society
http://www.ccs.ca/home/index%5Fe.aspx/

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
http://www.heartandstroke.com/

 

References


Cholesterol levels in children and adolescents. American Academy of Pediatrics, Healthy Children.org website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/healthy-living/nutrition/Pages/Cholesterol-Levels-in-Children-and-Adolescents.aspx . Updated December 21, 2011. Accessed June 27, 2012.


High cholesterol levels in children. American Academy of Pediatrics, Healthy Children.org website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/gradeschool/nutrition/Pages/High-Cholesterol-Levels-in-Children.aspx . Updated January 17, 2012. Accessed June 27, 2012.


Hypercholesterolemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated May 17, 2012. Accessed June 27, 2012.


NHLBI integrated guidelines for pediatric cardiovascular risk reduction. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated February 28, 2012. Accessed June 19, 2012.


Nutrition and health for young people. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/nutrition/facts.htm. Updated January 20 , 2012. Accessed June 27, 2012.

 

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