Munson Health
 
Avian Influenza

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by Carson-DeWitt R

(Bird Flu, H5N1 Infection)

 

Symptoms

These symptoms may be caused by other less serious conditions. Symptoms of avian influenza may include:
More severe infections can lead to pneumonia or serious organ failure.
 

Prevention

Some health experts are concerned that this virus could eventually cause a worldwide outbreak known as a pandemic. Medical organizations such as WHO and CDC monitor avian influenza rates worldwide to look for any outbreaks. National and international efforts may be used if there is evidence of a pandemic, to decrease further spread of the infection.
The overall risk of getting avian flu is small. Steps to help you reduce your risk include:
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has a vaccine to protect against H5N1 in adults aged 18-64. It will be made available in the event of an outbreak. Vaccinations can protect the individual and may control the spread of the infection.
 

RESOURCES

Centers for Disease Control
http://www.cdc.gov/

Flu.gov
http://www.flu.gov/

World Health Organization
http://www.who.int/

 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Medical Association
http://www.cma.ca/

Health Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/

 

References


Avian influenza. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated August 2009. Accessed May 15, 2013.


Avian Influenza A Virus Infections in Humans. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/avianflu/avian-in-humans.htm. Updated June 21, 2012. Accessed May 15, 2013.


Avian Influenza in Humans. World Health Organization website. Available at: http://www.who.int/influenza/human%5Fanimal%5Finterface/avian%5Finfluenza/en/. Accessed May 15, 2013.


Cohen J, Powderly WG. Infectious Diseases . 2nd ed. New York, NY: Elsevier; 2004.


Cornelissen LA, de Vries RP, de Boer-Luijtze EA, Rigter A, Rottier PJ, de Haan CA. A single immunization with soluble recombinant trimeric hemagglutinin protects chickens against highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1. PLoS One. 2010;5(5):e10645.


H5N1 Avian Flu. Flu.gov website. Available at: http://www.flu.gov/about%5Fthe%5Fflu/h5n1/index.html#. Updated June 21, 2012. Accessed May 15, 2013.


Kilany WH, Arafa A, Erfan AM, et al. Isolation of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 from table eggs after vaccinal break in commercial layer flock. Avian Dis. 2010;54(3):1115-1119.


Weir E, Wong T, Gemmill T. Avian influenza outbreak: update. CMAJ . 2004;170:785-786.

 

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