Types of Hearing Loss


Three Types of Hearing Loss

Conductive Hearing Loss

Conductive hearing loss is caused by a problem with the outer or middle ear that prevents sound from reaching the inner ear properly. Conductive hearing loss:

  • May be temporary or permanent
  • May be caused by middle ear infections, which can make a hole in the eardrum
  • May be the result of damage to the bones in the middle ear
  • May be caused by inflammation in the middle ear cavity usually associated with fluid buildup (otitis media), with or without infection

Conductive hearing loss may be treated through medications or surgery. If those options are not successful or recommended, hearing aids may be considered.

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss is caused by damage that occurs in the inner ear or cochlea.  Sensorineural hearing loss:

  • May be present from birth or occur with aging
  • Can be the result of exposure to loud noises
  • Is usually permanent and cannot be restored with medical treatment

Depending on the severity of the hearing loss, hearing aids or cochlear implants may be beneficial.  

Mixed Hearing Loss

Mixed hearing loss is a combination of both conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.  The conductive part of the hearing loss may be correctable medically, however the sensorineural hearing loss is not. There is often a need for both medical intervention or treatment and hearing aids.  

Let Us Help You Hear

Schedule an appointment for a hearing evaluation by calling 231-935-6455 or email hearing@mhc.net.